Special Report

Turkey’s uncertain gas future

This report explores Turkey’s future as a transit state via Turkish Stream, and looks at why the addition of more import capacity coincides with the stagnation of its once prolific gas to power sector.

Strong demand growth in the late noughties gave the impression that Turkey was a country with limitless appetite for gas. But the high cost of imports saw Ankara introduce a series of policies in 2009 to curb gas consumption. Despite these measures, it took until 2016 for Turkey to register its first demand drop.

However, the slowdown has not stopped Ankara’s drive to develop import infrastructure – Turkey is set to add two more FSRUs by the end of 2018, and the first line of Turkish Stream will see it import 15.75 billion cubic metres per year of Russian gas.

This 14-page special report on Turkey explores the apparent contradictions in the country’s gas strategy as it looks to diversify supplies while expanding gas infrastructure despite slowing demand growth, and how the situation may pan out in the years to come.

Table of contents

  • Gas-to-power faces headwinds
    Changes in Turkey’s energy strategy are limiting the potential for gas-to-power, which is struggling to compete with coal and renewables.
  • Ankara's regasification drive
    Despite stagnant demand growth, Ankara has committed to diversifying gas supplies. Two more FSRUs are due online by the end of 2018, but how much they will be used remains to be seen.
  • Expanding storage options
    Major gas storage projects such as Lake Tuz are designed to help Turkey manage periods of peak demand and reduce pressure on ageing infrastructure.
  • Pipeline developments
    Despite efforts to diversify gas supplies away from Russia, the construction of Turkish Stream will ensure Gazprom remains Turkey’s key supplier.

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